Watch a Step-by-Step Explanation of the Traditional Latin Mass

Interested in a quality explanation the Traditional Latin Mass? This video made by the Priestly Fraternity of St. Peter (FSSP) dissects each part of the Extraordinary Form with multiple camera angles and complete narration. Have you ever wondered what various postures, movements, words, or sections mean, or have you never been to a TLM and want to know more about it before you assist at one? This video can be helpful.

The video highlights the depth, beauty, and seriousness the ancient Mass contains, contrasting most Ordinary Form Masses in this country.

Looking for more educational materials on the TLM? Check out the wonderful book Treasure and TraditionIt’s excellent reading material for understanding the classical liturgy and more. The book is also beautiful. ☩

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(H/T Catholic Memes)

On the Strength of the Latin Mass

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It was 9:30 Sunday morning while I was still attending the round suburban parish closest to where I live. I noticed that the musicians who typically ‘perform’ at 11 o’clock were filling the prominent choir area just to the right of the altar. While I was still very green on liturgical matters, I knew enough that I didn’t care for the concert that typically took place at 11 which is why I frequented the 9:30; something about people clapping at Mass just seemed weird to me. As I prepared to recite the Gloria, I heard a drum kit start pulsating while the guitar and piano built up steam. What was going on?

It was a different take on the Gloria, it had become a hot little ditty that featured rollicking piano licks, cymbal crashes, and it’s own thrice-repeated refrain! It sounded ridiculous. Even at that relatively immature stage in my spiritual life, I knew there was a reason I don’t like pop music with my prayer…or rap with my reading or acappella with my arobics.

I encountered that church “band” a few more times at this carpeted parish, each time seeming more shocking than the last. Then one day a help-out Dominican priest was the celebrant. As my wife and I bowed during the incarnation in the Creed, the entire congregation stumbled on their words when the mic’d up friar omitted “men”: “For us _ and for our salvation, He came down from heaven”. I suppose it was some kind of attempt to appear inclusive, an empty gesture I expect in the politically correct arenas of politics and big business, anywhere but the holy Mass.

The Millennial Perspective

Stories like this are everywhere unfortunately. And, to be sure, they are not inherent to the 1969 Mass of Pope Bl. Paul VI (Ordinary Form, Novus Ordo). But stories like this seem to be all too common in the last few decades. To my own and many of my peers’ detriment — Millennials in our early 30’s — most of our experiences come from these decades. I have watched the majority of my friends raised as Catholics fall away from the Faith, still not entirely sure of basic Catholic concepts. As children of the 90’s, Mass for many of us appeared quite banal. It was something we attended, without really knowing why despite attending Sunday School and CCD. Part of the problem was (and is) that we were being taught all these complex, cumbersome notions about such topics as the essence of the Trinity, transubstantiation, immaculate birth, and so on, but never really saw anything that reflected these lofty concepts in what was supposed to be the pinnacle, the “source and summit” (CCC 1324), of our spiritual life: the Mass.

We grew up seeing a very ‘horizontal’ liturgy, characteristic of most Ordinary Form Masses. Horizontal in that the prayers, words, music, motions, and aesthetics within the Mass clearly drew from common, everyday customs and behaviors. The common Novus Ordo Missae (new order of the Mass) often reflects so many social functions in our culture, thereby stifling curiosity and wonder in even children.

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If the last 20 centuries of counter-cultural, sublime, and often shocking Christian doctine are true, why does the Mass all too often seem to reflect something so painfully familiar looking and sounding? The typical Mass of the last four decades too often displays a priest in ugly polyester drapery whose demeanor is oddly casual; poor music with cheesy lyrics; a priest as a performer; a congregation as an audience; an emphasis on homiletics; downplaying transcendence, sacrifice, or atonement; and general irreverence to the Eucharist. The most important part of the Mass, Communion, is often distributed by an army of horrendously casual laypeople into the hands of the parishioners as if it was– a potato chip–it all unravels from there.

The Intrinsic Weakness of the Ordinary Form

Due to the many opportunities for tweaking within the new rubrics, the priest’s personality tends to form the Novus Ordo rather than the liturgy forming the priest–one of the reasons these Masses are often so different from one another. Or, to put it another way, and to borrow a critique many Eastern Rite Catholics have for the West, we pray what we think rather than think what we pray. Too often the new liturgy is shaped by the prevailing culture rather than culture being shaped by the liturgy.

The point here is that the Ordinary Form of the liturgy, depending on the celebrant, has more trouble conveying the unique mystery of the event before the congregation. And, as I have said many times on this site, why would anyone who is weak in their understanding of the Faith–most Catholics–care to waste an hour on Sunday morning for something that isn’t unique compared to what the rest of the world offers them? Why would a protestant be moved to conversion if there’s little difference of worship in this perceived Sunday “service”? I know I can certainly find better sources of music, inspiration, and good feelings elsewhere! This is part of why Mass attendance numbers among Millennials is so pathetic; why would they waste their time with something that appears so banal, cheesy, and pointless. After all, everyone already knows that we’re supposed to be nice to each other and isn’t that the basic, uncontroversial message every Sunday anyhow?

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Human nature is ingrained with a sense of ritual but where has the Christian ritual gone? It certainly exists in the other major world religions. Can you imagine Jews or Muslims watering down their ritual, prayer life, or universal religious language? Think about Jews ignoring the ancient communal tongue of Hebrew or Muslims trying to modernize Islam by sweeping classical Arabic under the rug? The thought is almost comical. It’s important to realize that Bl. Paul VI did not intend for the complete removal of Latin in the liturgy but, with the many opportunities for priests to personalize the Ordinary Form, that is what happened as time went on. How can the typical Novus Ordo Mass be expected move one to conversion when it portrays itself as something so un-serious, so soft, so banal. Of course, no valid Mass, no matter how unfortunately celebrated, can be any of these things since Christ is truly present, but why wouldn’t we seek to move souls to astonishment through beauty? It begs repeating the popular analogy of having a diamond (the Eucharist) with no beautiful gold ring for it to be placed (the liturgy). It’s hard to imagine anything contained within the typical celebration of the Ordinary Form capturing the hearts and minds of people as does the stoic majesty of a solemn high Mass or the profound silence and precision within a low Mass.

insenseOne of the arguments for the new Mass including the vernacular language was so it could be more “accessible” to Mass-goers. The opposite happened. People going to Mass in an area that speaks a different language, let alone another country, are the ones who feel truly isolated. There are some parishes by me that will have four Sunday Masses, two in English and two in Spanish; talk about segregating and isolating Catholics from one another. Parishes like this have effectively become two parishes all because of language. A universal language makes sense for THE universal Church spread across the world.

Before moving on, I want to state that there are some parishes which feature a very beautiful and traditionally-minded Novus Ordo liturgy. However, these parishes are unicorns, you’re unlikely to stumble across one. Also, a parish with a wonderful Novus Ordo can change the moment the pastor gets relocated, retires, or passes away. A strong Novus Ordo is simply as strong as its weakest link, the priest.

The Strength of the Extraordinary Form

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Okay, enough complaining. Luckily the Church has a solution to all this (doesn’t she always?). Paradoxically, the Church’s future lies in her past. More and more people (especially Millennials), yearning for authentic Roman Catholicism and hungry for an intimate encounter with the liturgy have turned to parishes that offer the Extraordinary Form of the Roman Rite. Thanks to Pope Benedict XVI’s 2007 apostolic letter Summorum Pontificum, the Mass which was good enough for nearly all our favorite saints has become more accessible for the first time since the liturgical revision in 1969, thanks be to God. Its popularity is exploding worldwide and bishops are taking note.

The first time at a Latin Mass can be jolting. It strikes one as unlike any other Mass they have ever heard. One of the most glaring features is the intense focus on the Sacrifice of Jesus. All eyes in the church are facing the Liturgical East–awaiting Christ–being led by their priest who is clearly about very serious business, “about [their] Father’s business” (Lk 2:49). The priest is not there to put on a show, to make people laugh, or to make people feel good. The priest is there to intercede on our behalf with God, the Father, by renewing the eternal Sacrifice of the Son on Calvary. This indeed is serious business…quite the opposite of what the typical priest celebrating the new liturgy conveys. These priests (along with any deacons or servers) are bound to firm rubrics on how to say Mass. There is no room for personalizing the liturgy. Touching back on the point before about priests forming the Mass to their personality rather than the other way around, think of how often you remember a Mass for who the priest was. “Who was the priest?” people will ask. “Oh, I didn’t like when Father said this” or “I love when so-and-so does that…”. At the Latin Mass, the priest is not the focus. Most of the Mass you don’t even see the priest’s face. While he is prominently about his business on the very visible high altar in beautiful vestments, he has a paradoxical aura of anonymity as his precise movements grace the sanctuary.

11913249_10205228307610635_703794848054270774_nThe Extraordinary liturgy is foreign to any other form of Christian worship that exists. Far too many Catholic churches have a liturgy that, when witnessed by a non-Catholic or lukewarm Catholic, doesn’t press one to form an opinion. It’s almost impossible not to have a reaction to the Traditional Mass. The ancient ritual of it is unlike anything else in the western hemisphere. As Peter Kwasniewski says in his book Resurgent in the Midst of Crisis, the Latin Mass “throws down the gauntlet”, so to say. It stirs curiosity in people, it induces awe, it moves a soul to conversion. The setting of our Eucharistic “diamond” should not have a typical atmosphere, appeal to worldly senses, or be laced with familiar language because the Eucharist is not typical, worldly, or familiar.

Another point mentioned in Mr. Kwasniewski’s publication touches upon the different liturgical calendar. The readings for Mass are not only different, but scripture is used in an entirely different fashion. In the Novus Ordo calendar, while admirably offering nearly the entire Bible within a three-year cycle, it further shifts the emphasis away from the sacrificial nature of the Mass. With the “wordiness” already inherent of the revised Mass, having such an emphasis on the ‘Liturgy of the Word’ draws attention away from the mystery before us. While the Word of God is obviously important, the Mass shouldn’t be the only place one encounters scripture. The “first reading” (Epistle) and Gospel are typically much shorter in the old calendar and, along with the other propers (changeable parts of Mass), uses the scripture to to help beautifully frame the respective Mass. These propers form a linear theme relative to the Sunday or Feast on the calendar. Using sections of the Second Sunday after Easter (Good Shepherd Sunday) as an example:

  • Introit – Psalm 32: 5,6
    The earth is full of the mercy of the Lord,
    alleluia: by the word of the Lord were the
    heavens made, alleluia, alleluia…
  • Epistle – 1 Peter 2: 21-25 
    Christ suffered for us,
    leaving you an example, that you should
    follow His steps…when He suffered,
    He threatened not, but delivered
    Himself to him that judged Him unjustly:
    who His own self bore our sins in His
    body upon the tree: that we, being dead to
    sins, should live to justice: by whose
    stripes you were healed. For you were as
    sheep going astray, but you are now con-
    verted to the shepherd and bishop of your
    souls.
  • Gradual – Luke 24:35 
    Alleluia, alleluia. The disciples knew the
    Lord Jesus in the breaking of bread.
  • Gospel – John 10:11-16 
    Jesus said to the Pharisees: I am the good
    shepherd. The good shepherd
    giveth his life for his sheep…I lay down My life
    for My sheep. And other sheep I have that
    are not of this fold: them also I must
    bring, and they shall hear My voice, and
    there shall be one fold and one shepherd.
  • Offertory – Psalm 62: 2,5 
    O God, my God, to Thee do I watch at
    break of day: and in Thy name I will lift up
    my hands, alleluia.
  • Communion – John 10:14 
    I am the good shepherd: and I
    know My sheep, and Mine know Me. Alle-
    luia. Alleluia.

So, while much less scripture is read, the passages of scripture that are used tend to fit together perfectly to convey a single theme or message.

One of the aspects of the classical form I adore is that it doesn’t contain that perpetual “wordiness” mentioned above. Sometimes in the new Mass, it’s almost as if the priest is trying to hold a conversation with the congregation, making people feel awkward when there isn’t someone talking or singing to them. Silence thus becomes an enemy when it shouldn’t be. The Latin Mass doesn’t concern itself with incessant chatter. Many of the Traditional Form’s periods silence are pregnant with meaning and offer the best times for one to really pray, helping unite one’s own concerns, desires, thanksgivings, and sacrifices to that of Christ’s on the altar. The Latin Mass, therefore, is less distracting. There’s not always a hymnal to open, a response to repeat, or a hand to shake. The Extraordinary Form allows Catholics to use the time as they see best to assist in the Mass.

The Latin Missae’s strict rubrics do not allow for priests to remove or interject parts as they wish: Latin will be used, Communion will be kneeling and on the tongue, music will be in chant or polyphony, altar servers will be male, and much more. This standardization makes the celebration of Mass truly catholic (universal) in the literal sense of the word. These rubrics also codify the notable characteristics of a ‘vertical’ style of worship. Everything about it casts our gaze upwards above ourselves, the sights, sounds, language, smells, and prayers. It encourages us to look towards the heavens as we come into contact with God. (Rev 21:1-5)

The Classical Role of a Parish to Families

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From both my experience and the testimony of many others, churches dedicated to the Extraordinary Form have a thriving parish life. Family life tends to be flourishing with large, lively, joyful, and beautiful families. As it has become in all-too-many typical American parishes, children are not seen as a nuisance. Parishioners tend to be welcoming and very kind–they enjoy fostering vibrant community life outside of just sharing glances during an hour Sunday morning. Parishioners are committed to making friendships, helping each other out, and having fun together.

Also, after decades of seeing just about any clothing pass as acceptable for attending the marriage supper of the Lamb, where God is present, it’s refreshing to see people dressing for the occasion. It’s not likely you’ll see someone in sandals, shorts, a tank top, or a football jersey. Equally refreshing is it to see priests dress like priests too, helping make a clear line between clergy and laity–often with nice white shirts and cuff-links under their cassocks, black leather shoes, well-groomed, etc. After all, why wouldn’t someone entrusted to caring for souls not dress like the professional that he is? This is the image young men must see if we wish for more quality men to join the priesthood. Obviously the idea here is not vanity but rather a proper reflection of their priestly office in the secular community–something that was indeed revered by most people not too long ago. Further, outside of Mass, a good priest takes his pastoral role with great care (regardless of liturgical form). They are often engaged with all aspects of parish life and see to it to welcome in new parishioners and help make the community strong. Priests like this seem to be common in parishes dedicated to the classical liturgy.

For those raising a family, a parish with a traditional understanding of its role in the community can be very important. This obviously doesn’t need to be a Latin Mass parish, per se; there are many good parishes in this respect (and growing due to more and more serious and faithful priests coming out of the seminary to help cultivate this parish culture). The reason it is important for a family to have a parish practicing authentic and bold Catholicism is because there needs to be a place where families can recharge from the world. The world presents a fierce battlefield of ideologies and temptations. Many of us take seriously protecting our family from physical threats, but what about spiritual threats? After all, the wounds of an injured soul will manifest in emotional, mental, or even physical despair at some point.

Unchecked, the world wants to devour people, especially children. The prevailing culture wants to drive a wedge between children and their parents, and wants to cheapen the true definition of happiness into desires simply being satisfied rather than the joys associated with selfless love. To the modernist culture, children represent an opportunity to grow the destructive notion of moral relativism, suggesting to them that there are no eternal truths that exist, that reality is whatever an individual wants it to be.

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The world, along with the Adversary, wants your marriage to fracture and your household broken up. Just notice every popular message around you and ponder if it fosters a stronger marriage/family or the opposite. As the oft-repeated phrase goes, Catholics are called to be “in this world, not of it” because we were created for heaven. And, since the road to heaven for most of the laity is best conquered through family life, that is why it is important for a church to so support the virtuous family life of its members. The parish should operate as an oasis, where the souls of the community and the spirit of family life can be renewed, enjoyed, and encouraged by one another.

Another point of optimism as it pertains to parish life is that it’s not only those warming the pews who are growing in number, it’s the seminarians dedicated to the Extraordinary Form. Many of their seminaries are literally overflowing–needing to find alternative places to house these men. While many dioceses are consolidating or spreading the responsibilities of one priest between multiple churches, many parishes dedicated to the Latin Mass have the opposite happening. Not only do these parishes often have their own live-in priest but they have multiple priests available to administer the sacraments.

Final Thoughts

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First Latin Mass in decades – Seminarians requested the Extraordinary Form be taught and celebrated at St. Borromeo Seminary in Philly, the rector obliged.

On a more shallow note, the Extraordinary Form is cool. There’s a lot of reasons to fall in love with the Church and once you do, it’s hard not to fall in love with something so authentic as the classical form of the liturgy–there’s a reason Pope Benedict XVI decided to call it Extraordinary rather than anything else. The old liturgy is serious, reverent, masculine, and beautiful. This liturgy is part of what has helped us stand out so prominently in the world.

Let your religion be less of a theory and more of a love affair

-GK Chesterton

I, for one, have grown tired of vapid, banal, childish, and ugly liturgy. If you agree, know that you are most definitely not alone. That is why there is a resurgence of the Latin Mass worldwide. Who knows, maybe one day people will look back on this era of the “reformed” Mass as an awkward 50-year blip on the enormous timeline of Catholicism. What is certain is this: we are in the middle of a modern-day Catholic renaissance that will surely lead to the next 2,000 years of Christianity and I sure as hell am looking forward to being part of it.

The Church’s Apparent Problem with Beauty

This weekend I attended Mass at a beautiful cathedral. My family and I were out of town and we acted on a suggestion from a friend. The architecture, murals, and statues all worked to fix our gaze upward to heaven, helping achieve the proper disposition for Mass. Sure, they removed nearly all of the gorgeous communion rails (there were tiny four-foot segments left on each end) and the wall altar was replaced with a very bland backdrop to the Tabernacle, but it seemed like most of the church weathered the 60’s and 70’s pretty well.

The problem isn’t that the church lacked beauty, the problem is that the liturgy simply didn’t match. It begs the question, why do so many in the Catholic Church seemingly have a problem with beauty–sometimes it’s a bland and ugly modern church that lacks beauty, sometime’s it’s the prayers (or lack-thereof) used by a priest, sometimes it’s vestments, sometimes it’s art, and sometimes it’s music. Beauty, historically, was something the Church embraced. The architecture of old churches reflects not only the beauty we revered but showcases the talent and sacrifice of the faithful. The Church gave birth to some of the most beautiful music (beyond liturgical) the world has seen. Catholic art through the centuries has always been cherished by Catholics and secularists alike who respect the qualitative ways the human mind is able to capture its relationship to both the natural and supernatural worlds. For most of the Church’s existence, the liturgy was seen as the centerpiece of the Kingdom on Earth, handled with the respect it rightfully is due. What changed? There’s truth to the joke among Anglicans (who, as a group, still take the liturgy seriously) that when someone gets the “Roman itch”, the cure is attending Mass. Ouch.

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The very non-beautiful modern interior (and against the Vatican’s request) of St. John the Evangelist in Milwaukee.

Of course there’s pockets within the American Church that are an exception to this rule, but this is not common for a typical American Catholic. The typical American Catholic encounters a Church on Sunday that oozes with cheesiness and a lost sense of purpose. The typical American Catholic cringes at most “church music” either because of the musicians’ musical shortcomings or because of the Here I am Lord hymns. The typical American Catholic is used to frumpy and purposeless altar servers (in contrast to altar boys). And sometimes this frumpiness is matched only by the celebrant of the Mass, the priest. Avoiding any sort of traditional cassocks or vestments, the typical American Catholic assumes the garments have always been akin to a ghost costume from 1979’s Halloween. The typical American Catholic thinks all priests give homilies that lack any sort of mental or spiritual stimulation, secretly pondering if the priest is even all that intelligent–it’s no wonder many are quick to deem the Church being anti-intellectual. The typical American Catholic sees being Catholic as just a part of their life rather than their life being part of being Catholic.

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Believe it or not, you still can find parishes with very serious and well-trained altar boys who take pride in what they do.

This brings be back to Mass at this beautiful cathedral with the liturgy that didn’t match its surroundings. It was jarring to see altar girls waltz up to the altar in ill-fitting white robes followed by a priest in a purple sheet (that very well could have been from Bed, Bath, and Beyond) and an infomercial-style mic wrapped around his cheekbone. It was also jarring when the church is long and narrow but they still feel the need for seven “Eucharistic ministers” beyond the priest, especially when the “mini Communion” on the altar for the “ministers” lasts nearly as long as Communion to the other parishioners.

Catholicism that doesn’t stimulate our minds, bodies, or souls will work against the Faith. Many cradle Catholics will inevitably waver in their faith and the liturgy must exist to bear witness to the unworldly mystery that takes place at Mass rather than something that so reeks of a man-made event. If the Church fails to prove itself unique to the wavering, the wavering will begin to wonder why they take an hour out of the week to attend such a schlocky event. And, certainly, protestants or non-religious who find themselves in a typical American Catholic church see nothing special going on. These people we want to bring into the Faith see no reason to. Honestly, think for a moment about the most standard, milquetoast, cheesy Catholic parish you have been to recently. Then think about witnessing that as an outsider. What would be going through your head?

The Church has a very serious problem right now. Luckily, millions of young Catholics are working now to bring beauty back to the Faith either by fixing the issues handed to us with the Ordinary Form liturgy or embracing and spreading the Extraordinary Form.

The focal point of our Faith, our Church, and our lives is Jesus Christ in the Eucharist. The Eucharist is like a diamond. Would the typical American put a diamond in a cheap wooden band? Would we put a diamond in a lanyard necklace? Of course not. We put diamonds in beautiful, rich settings to highlight and showcase its value and meaning to us. The liturgy (and architecture, art, music) that surrounds our diamond, the Eucharist, should be the beautiful, serious, and intellectual setting such a treasure deserves.

VIDEO: Fr. Scalia’s Masterful Sermon & Funeral Mass

The funeral Mass for Justice Antonin Scalia was held over the weekend at the National Shrine Basilica in Washington DC. Scalia’s son, Rev. Paul Scalia, was the celebrant and was fantastic. People were curious if it was going to be a Latin Mass given the Justice’s TLM attendance and the fact that Fr. Scalia offers the TLM in the diocese of Arlington. It ended up being a very well done Ordinary Form Mass, especially considering the massive scale. He gave the novus ordo Mass the way it was meant to be given.

Fr. Scalia kept it beautiful and traditional. Everything from the vestments, the large procession, plenty of intense, the Latin hymns in both Chant and polyphony, the Latin ordinaries (Agnus Dei, Sanctus), sung prayers, the Eucharistic prayer, to the overall reverence and tone.

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The homily was, as quoted below, masterful. Understanding he was speaking to an enormous audience both in attendance and on television–practicing Catholics, cultural Catholics, protestants, and more–he made sure everyone realized the purpose of a funeral. He didn’t fall into sentimentality. “Only those who are perfected in Christ can enter Heaven. We are here to lend our prayers to that perfection […] freeing dad from every encumbrance of sin”, he said. Of course, this is shocking for many protestants to hear! He furthered the point by telling of how his dad, after going to a Presbyterian funeral, commented on how funerals seem to now always be about praising the deceased, assuming they automatically enter Heaven rather than it being prayer for the mercy of a sinner in hopes for a “swift entry” to Heaven.

Go to 1:32:30 for the homily. Video set to start at procession.

He told us how his dad saw his faith as a blessing when “it is being removed from the public square or when we refuse to bring it there”–both great for the politicians and the weak-kneed Catholics in attendance. He stated that his “dad knew the deeper he went into his Catholic faith, the better the citizen and public servant he became”

He also gave plenty for our protestant siblings to chew on with great references to “Our Lady”, Jesus’s body being “The Church”, confession, and the Eucharist.

Quoting Fr. Z on Rev. Paul Scalia’s Sermon:

“Justice Scalia’s son, Fr. Paul Scalia of the Diocese of Arlington, was celebrant for the Mass and he preached. His sermon was masterful. It was a model of decorum, admirably shaped for that congregation and for broadcast to a wide and diverse audience. It was replete with excellent teaching about the reason for the Mass (prayer for the deceased). He called on all of us to consider our own death. He continually brought the focus back to Christ and our need for His saving merits. Well done.”

On a petty side note: I’m happy Cardinal Wuerl (in attendance) wasn’t allowed to stroke his ego by giving the high-profile Mass as he no doubt enjoys the prominence and luxury that comes with that diocese. I like how the only Cardinal there (who’s known for taking the Eucharist lightly) was also pretty much the only person to receive in his hand.

Justice Scalia’s Catholic Life

Our country lost a remarkable Supreme Court justice over the weekend. Justice Antonin Scalia, despite being considered a foe of many progressives, was still generally admired by all for his keen intelligence and thoughtful (if not downright entertaining) decisions. Justice Scalia saw the Constitution as the objective beacon that anchored the United States instead of a document that could be manipulated to conform to the fashions of the day (I’ll spare you the Catholic/protestant analogies here). While he issued opinions on many cases, many supporters consider his District of Columbia v. Heller to be a crowning achievement wherein he opined that our God-given right to self-preservation, and according to our Second Amendment, allowed Americans to bear arms on and in their property regardless of what state or boundaries they found themselves within (in this case, Washington DC).

“Putting all of these textual elements together, we find that they guarantee the individual right to possess and carry weapons in case of confrontation. This meaning is strongly confirmed by the historical background of the Second Amendment. We look to this because it has always been widely understood that the Second Amendment, like the First and Fourth Amendments, codified a pre-existing right.”

– Antonin Scalia’s Majority Decision in DC v Heller, 2008

But you can find plenty of other places to read about his opinions, I want to talk about his very public Catholic identity. Antonin Scalia’s career and jurisprudence was formed by classical Catholic thought. As a staunch intellectual and defender of moral law, he venerated Saint Thomas More, patron to politicians, statesmen, and lawyers. A portrait of the JPII-canonized saint hanged in his office and he even wore a replica of More’s famous hat to President Barack Obama’s 2013 inauguration.

Furthermore, Justice Scalia showed that the Catholic intellectual tradition provided a deep reservoir of insights into law, the role of judges, and even our own written Constitution. It’s no coincidence, for example, that Justice Scalia argued that originalism should accept some nonoriginalist precedent to protect the rule of law. The rule of law, fully articulated by the time of St. Thomas, is a central component of the common good, and originalism should protect it, where it can, for the sake of the common good.

Lee Strang, Georgetown & Toledo College of Law

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Rev. Paul Scalia serving the Traditional Latin Mass. Yes, he’s the one that looks exactly like Antonin Scalia
But he wasn’t just some shallow CINO (Catholic in name only). He wasn’t a ‘cultural Catholic’ politician that used his religious identity to his benefit. From all third-party accounts available, Justice Scalia walked the walk. Scalia was the father of nine children and a grandfather to 36! When asked in a 60 Minutes interview about his large family, he said he and his wife “didn’t set out to have nine children […] We’re just old-fashioned Catholics, playing what used to be known as ‘Vatican Roulette,’”

One of his sons actually is a priest. Fr. Paul Scalia served a number of dioceses before most recently being the pastor at Saint John the Beloved parish (which offers TLM) in the Arlington, VA diocese. In fact, Paul is apparently very active in the Latin Mass movement in Washington DC. Paul is known to preach about orthodoxy and the “errors of modernism”–indeed similar to his father’s philosophy of the Constitution.

Actually, Antonin Scalia was a “Latin Masser” himself. He was frequently spotted at the Solemn High Mass at St. Catherine of Siena in Great Falls, VA. Actually, he often went with his colleague, Justice Clarence Thomas. Pretty cool huh? For a biography (American Original) he was asked about his liturgical preferences, “We have always traveled long distances to go to a church that we thought had a really reverent Mass, the kind of church that when you go in, it is quiet — not that kind of church where it is like a community hall and everybody is talking,”

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Scalia donning a replica of St. Thomas More’s at 2013’s presidential inauguration
The justice proved obedient to the Faith that had done such a good job forming him. Many people expect a ‘traditionally-minded’ Catholic to openly criticize some of Pope Francis’ endeavors and quotes, but when asked by New York Magazine what he thought of Francis’ quote (which was interpreted by many secular sources to mean Catholics need to focus less on marriage and abortion), Scalia retorted, “He’s the Vicar of Christ. He’s the chief. I don’t run down the pope.”

Also in the New York Magazine interview, he was asked if he “believes in the Devil”, unable to wrap their head around the fact that an otherwise [very] intelligent person could possibly buy into such an antiquated concept of an immaterial presence seeking to do harm in the world. I mean, surely this successful, smart, and thoughtful man only calls himself a Catholic to keep up appearances and for a sense of childhood nostalgia. But the justice answered, “Of course! Yeah, he’s a real person. Hey, c’mon, that’s standard Catholic doctrine! Every Catholic believes that.”. The interview goes on:

NYM: Every Catholic believes this? There’s a wide variety of Catholics out there …
Justice Scalia: If you are faithful to Catholic dogma, that is certainly a large part of it.

Have you seen evidence of the Devil lately?

You know, it is curious. In the Gospels, the Devil is doing all sorts of things. He’s making pigs run off cliffs, he’s possessing people and whatnot. And that doesn’t happen very much anymore.

No.
It’s because he’s smart.

So what’s he doing now?
What he’s doing now is getting people not to believe in him or in God. He’s much more successful that way.

[…Y]ou’re saying the Devil is ­persuading people to not believe in God. Couldn’t there be other reasons to not believe?
Well, there certainly can be other reasons. But it certainly favors the Devil’s desires. I mean, c’mon, that’s the explanation for why there’s not demonic possession all over the place. That always puzzled me. […]

Right.
What happened to him?

He just got wilier.
He got wilier.

Isn’t it terribly frightening to believe in the Devil?
You’re looking at me as though I’m weird. My God! Are you so out of touch with most of America, most of which believes in the Devil? I mean, Jesus Christ believed in the Devil! It’s in the Gospels! You travel in circles that are so, so removed from mainstream America that you are appalled that anybody would believe in the Devil! Most of mankind has believed in the Devil, for all of history. Many more intelligent people than you or me have believed in the Devil.

I’m sorry to have offended you!
Have you read The Screwtape Letters?

Yes, I have.
So, there you are. That’s a great book. It really is, just as a study of human nature.

Scalia will be remembered as a champion for legal and spiritual truth. He understood that the Constitution’s strength lay in its rock-hard objectiveness, rights adhering to the truth of God. It’s hard to imagine being such a staunch defender of this understanding had he not first understood that that this too is the strength of moral law as handed to us by the “pillar and foundation of Truth” (1 Tim 3:15), the holy Catholic Church.

We ask that the Heavenly Father look favorably upon Antonin Scalia that he might enter Heaven as he so looked forward to while here on earth. We ask for the prayers of Thomas More, his patron saint, that he be made worthy of eternal life beside Jesus.

May he rest in peace.

V. Requiem aeternam dona eis, Domine.
R. Et lux perpetua luceat eis.
Fidelium animae, per misericordiam Dei, requiescant in pace. Amen.